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Title

A Cenozoic record of the equatorial Pacific carbonate compensation depth

Publication Year

2012

Author(s)
  • Paelike, Heiko
  • Lyle, Mitchell W.
  • Nishi, Hiroshi
  • Raffi, Isabella
  • Ridgwell, Andy
  • Gamage, Kusali
  • Klaus, Adam
  • Acton, Gary
  • Anderson, Louise
  • Backman, Jan
  • Baldauf, Jack
  • Beltran, Catherine
  • Bohaty, Steven M.
  • Bown, Paul
  • Busch, William
  • Channell, Jim E. T.
  • Chun, Cecily O. J.
  • Delaney, Margaret
  • Dewangan, Pawan
  • Dunkley Jones, Tom
  • Edgar, Kirsty M.
  • Evans, Helen
  • Fitch, Peter
  • Foster, Gavin L.
  • Gussone, Nikolaus
  • Hasegawa, Hitoshi
  • Hathorne, Ed C.
  • Hayashi, Hiroki
  • Herrle, Jens O.
  • Holbourn, Ann
  • Hovan, Steve
  • Hyeong, Kiseong
  • Iijima, Koichi
  • Ito, Takashi
  • Kamikuri, Shin-ichi
  • Kimoto, Katsunori
  • Kuroda, Junichiro
  • Leon-Rodriguez, Lizette
  • Malinverno, Alberto
  • Moore, Ted C., Jr.
  • Murphy, Brandon H.
  • Murphy, Daniel P.
  • Nakamura, Hideto
  • Ogane, Kaoru
  • Ohneiser, Christian
  • Richter, Carl
  • Robinson, Rebecca
  • Rohling, Eelco J.
  • Romero, Oscar
  • Sawada, Ken
  • Scher, Howie
  • Schneider, Leah
  • Sluijs, Appy
  • Takata, Hiroyuki
  • Tian, Jun
  • Tsujimoto, Akira
  • Wade, Bridget S.
  • Westerhold, Thomas
  • Wilkens, Roy
  • Williams, Trevor
  • Wilson, Paul A.
  • Yamamoto, Yuhji
  • Yamamoto, Shinya
  • Yamazaki, Toshitsugu
  • Zeebe, Richard E.
Source
NATURE Volume: 488 Issue: 7413 Pages: 609-+ Published: 2012
ISSN
0028-0836
Abstract

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations and climate are regulated on geological timescales by the balance between carbon input from volcanic and metamorphic outgassing and its removal by weathering feedbacks; these feedbacks involve the erosion of silicate rocks and organic-carbon-bearing rocks. The integrated effect of these processes is reflected in the calcium carbonate compensation depth, which is the oceanic depth at which calcium carbonate is dissolved. Here we present a carbonate accumulation record that covers the past 53 million years from a depth transect in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. The carbonate compensation depth tracks long-term ocean cooling, deepening from 3.0-3.5 kilometres during the early Cenozoic (approximately 55 million years ago) to 4.6 kilometres at present, consistent with an overall Cenozoic increase in weathering. We find large superimposed fluctuations in carbonate compensation depth during the middle and late Eocene. Using Earth system models, we identify changes in weathering and the mode of organic-carbon delivery as two key processes to explain these large-scale Eocene fluctuations of the carbonate compensation depth.

Author Keyword(s)

Error: empty list

KeyWord(s) Plus
  • ANTARCTIC GLACIATION
  • CALCITE COMPENSATION
  • EARTH SYSTEM
  • OCEAN
  • MODEL
  • CYCLE
  • DIOXIDE
  • HISTORY
  • RELEASE
  • FLUXES
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Multidisciplinary
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Multidisciplinary Sciences
Adress(es)

[Paelike, Heiko; Bohaty, Steven M.; Chun, Cecily O. J.; Edgar, Kirsty M.; Foster, Gavin L.; Murphy, Daniel P.; Rohling, Eelco J.; Wilson, Paul A.] Univ Southampton, Natl Oceanog Ctr Southampton, Southampton SO14 3ZH, Hants, England; [Lyle, Mitchell W.; Baldauf, Jack; Murphy, Daniel P.] Texas A&M Univ, Dept Oceanog, College Stn, TX 77840 USA; [Nishi, Hiroshi] Tohoku Univ, Tohoku Univ Museum, Ctr Acad Resources & Arch, Aoba Ku, Sendai, Miyagi 9808578, Japan; [Raffi, Isabella] Univ G DAnnunzio, DiGAT CeRS Geo, Dipartimento Geotecnol Ambiente & Terr, Chieti, Italy; [Ridgwell, Andy] Univ Bristol, Sch Geog Sci, Bristol BS8 1SS, Avon, England; [Gamage, Kusali; Klaus, Adam] Texas A&M Univ, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, College Stn, TX 77845 USA; [Acton, Gary] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Geol, Davis, CA 95616 USA; [Anderson, Louise] Univ Leicester, Dept Geol, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England; [Backman, Jan] Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden; [Beltran, Catherine] Univ Paris 06, ISTeP, UMR 7193, F-75252 Paris 05, France; [Bown, Paul] UCL, London WC1E 6BT, England; [Busch, William] Univ New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148 USA; [Channell, Jim E. T.] Univ Florida, Dept Geol Sci, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA; [Chun, Cecily O. J.; Herrle, Jens O.] Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Geosci, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany; [Chun, Cecily O. J.; Herrle, Jens O.] Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr BIK F, D-60325 Frankfurt, Germany; [Chun, Cecily O. J.; Herrle, Jens O.] Senckenberg Gesell Nat Forsch, D-60325 Frankfurt, Germany; [Delaney, Margaret; Murphy, Brandon H.] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA; [Dewangan, Pawan] Natl Inst Oceanog, Panaji 403004, Goa, India; [Dunkley Jones, Tom; Fitch, Peter] Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Earth Sci & Engn, London SW7 2AZ, England; [Dunkley Jones, Tom] Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England; [Edgar, Kirsty M.] Cardiff Univ, Sch Earth & Ocean Sci, Cardiff CF10 3AT, S Glam, Wales; [Evans, Helen; Malinverno, Alberto; Williams, Trevor] Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Earth Observ, Palisades, NY 10964 USA; [Gussone, Nikolaus] Univ Munster, Inst Mineral, D-48149 Munster, Germany; [Hasegawa, Hitoshi] Hokkaido Univ, Grad Sch Sci, Dept Nat Hist Sci, Kita Ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 0600810, Japan; [Hathorne, Ed C.] Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, GEOMAR, D-24148 Kiel, Germany; [Hayashi, Hiroki] Shimane Univ, Interdisciplinary Fac Sci & Engn, Matsue, Shimane 6908504, Japan; [Holbourn, Ann] Univ Kiel, Inst Geowissensch, D-24098 Kiel, Germany; [Hovan, Steve] Indiana Univ Penn, Dept Geosci, Indiana, PA 15705 USA; [Hyeong, Kiseong] Korea Ocean Res & Dev Inst, Deep Sea Resources Res Ctr, Seoul 425600, South Korea; [Iijima, Koichi] Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Inst Biogeosci, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 2370061, Japan; [Ito, Takashi] Ibaraki Univ, Fac Educ, Mito, Ibaraki 3108512, Japan; [Kamikuri, Shin-ichi; Nakamura, Hideto; Sawada, Ken] Hokkaido Univ, Div Nat Hist Sci, Fac Sci, Kita Ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 0600810, Japan; [Kamikuri, Shin-ichi; Yamamoto, Yuhji] Kochi Univ, Ctr Adv Marine Core Res, Kochi 7838502, Japan; [Kimoto, Katsunori] JAMSTEC, RIGC, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 2370061, Japan; [Kuroda, Junichiro] JAMSTEC, IFREE, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 2370061, Japan; [Leon-Rodriguez, Lizette] Rice Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Houston, TX 77005 USA; [Moore, Ted C., Jr.] Univ Michigan, Dept Geol Sci, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA; [Ogane, Kaoru] Tohoku Univ, Inst Geol & Paleontol, Aoba Ku, Sendai, Miyagi 9808578, Japan; [Ohneiser, Christian] Univ Otago, Dept Geol, Dunedin, New Zealand; [Richter, Carl] Univ Louisiana, Sch Geosci, Lafayette, LA 70504 USA; [Robinson, Rebecca] Univ Rhode Isl, Grad Sch Oceanog, Narragansett, RI 02882 USA; [Romero, Oscar] Univ Granada, Inst Andaluz Ciencias Tierra, Granada 18002, Spain; [Scher, Howie] Univ S Carolina, Dept Earth & Ocean Sci, Columbia, SC 29208 USA; [Schneider, Leah] Penn State Univ, Dept Geosci, University Pk, PA 16802 USA; [Sluijs, Appy] Univ Utrecht, Palaeobot & Palynol Lab, Fac Geosci, Dept Earth Sci, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands; [Takata, Hiroyuki] Pusan Natl Univ, Div Earth Environm Syst, Coastal Environm Syst Sch BK21, Pusan 609735, South Korea; [Tian, Jun] Tongji Univ, State Key Lab Marine Geol, Shanghai 200092, Peoples R China; [Tsujimoto, Akira] Shimane Univ, Fac Educ, Matsue, Shimane 6908504, Japan; [Wade, Bridget S.] Texas A&M Univ, Dept Geol & Geophys, College Stn, TX 77843 USA; [Wade, Bridget S.] Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England; [Westerhold, Thomas] Univ Bremen, Ctr Marine Environm Sci MARUM, D-28359 Bremen, Germany; [Wilkens, Roy] Univ Hawaii Manoa, Hawaii Inst Geophys & Planetol, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA; [Yamamoto, Shinya] Yamanashi Inst Environm Sci, Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi 4030005, Japan; [Yamazaki, Toshitsugu] AIST, Geol Survey Japan, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058567, Japan; [Zeebe, Richard E.] Univ Hawaii Manoa, Dept Oceanog, Sch Ocean & Earth Sci & Technol, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA

Reprint Adress

Palike, H (reprint author), Univ Southampton, Natl Oceanog Ctr Southampton, Waterfront Campus,European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, Hants, England.

Country(ies)
  • France
  • Germany
  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • People's Republic of China
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Institut des Sciences de la Terre Paris (iSTeP), UMR7193
Accession Number
WOS:000308095100047
uid:/Z8NB5VH6
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