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Title

Impacts of atmospheric pollution on climate change - laboratory studies

Publication Year

2011

Author(s)
  • EL Dib, G.
Conference
Conference on Impact of Integrated Clean Energy on the Future of the Mediterranean Environment Date: APR 14-16, 2011 Location: Beirut, LEBANON
Source
IMPACT OF INTEGRATED CLEAN ENERGY ON THE FUTURE OF THE MEDITERRANEAN ENVIRONMENT Bokk Series: Energy Procedia Volume: 6 Pages: 600-609 Published: 2011
ISSN
1876-6102
Abstract

Through many interactions, the composition and chemistry of the atmosphere are inherently connected to the climate system since atmospheric pollutants initiate chemical reactions affecting the climatically important compounds such as greenhouse gases. Therefore, when considering climate-chemistry interactions in the atmosphere, it is not only important to study the emissions of the climate compounds, but also to consider the chemical processes and the distribution of the compounds in the atmospheric regions by assessing their atmospheric sources and fates and determining their lifetimes. A considerable amount of kinetic studies has been carried out in this field. Consequently, progressive improvements in the database for reactions involving atmospheric pollutants and the quantification of their atmospheric lifetimes are made. This is fundamental to understanding the relationship between the budget and the trends of atmospheric pollutants and thus, their impact on the climate. This issue is an essential step helping to develop effective control strategies and to establish appropriate legislations in order to prevent the emission of pollutants and to protect the atmosphere. In this respect, this paper focus on the impact of the gas phase chemistry on the climate and briefly presents the future changes in the Mediterranean climate. The major kinetic methods used in this field in laboratory studies are then reviewed and emphases on their limitations are indicated. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Author Keyword(s)
  • climate change
  • Mediterranean basin
  • pollution
  • hydrocarbon
  • lifetimes
  • kinetics
  • techniques
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • GAS-PHASE
  • ALIPHATIC-ALDEHYDES
  • RATE COEFFICIENTS
  • RATE CONSTANTS
  • OH RADICALS
  • KINETICS
  • ACETALDEHYDE
  • CHEMISTRY
  • OZONE
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Engineering
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Geosciences
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Energy & Fuels
  • Environmental Sciences
Adress(es)

Univ Rennes 1, CNRS, UMR 6251, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France

Reprint Adress

EL Dib, G (reprint author), Univ Rennes 1, CNRS, UMR 6251, Inst Phys Rennes, Bat 11C, F-35042 Rennes, France.

Country(ies)
  • France
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Institut de Physique de Rennes (IPR), UMR6251
Accession Number
WOS:000298294900069
uid:/T1G6HVT5
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