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Title

Optimization of MEA based post combustion CO2 capture process: Flowsheeting and energetic integration

Publication Year

2011

Author(s)
  • Le Moullec, Y.
  • Kanniche, M.
Conference
10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Date: SEP 19-23, 2010 Location: Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS
Source
10TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES Bokk Series: Energy Procedia Volume: 4 Pages: 1303-1309 Published: 2011
ISSN
1876-6102
Abstract

The main limitation of post-combustion CO2 capture technology is the high energy consumption leading to a power output loss of approximately 25% when coupled with CO2 compression. Studies to break this limitation follow two main paths: formulation of new solvents and optimization of the process flowsheet. The purpose of this works is to assess the impact of the different flowsheet modifications and power plant integration on the plant performance. CO2 capture amine plant has been integrated in a gross electrical 1200 MWe supercritical coal-fired power plant; a process optimization study coupled with economical and availability analysis has been performed for each studied case and compared to a reference case: standard amine capture process with 30% wt MEA. The capture plant increases the cost of a new power plant by approximately 70% and the electricity price by 45%. Process flowsheet optimization on the amine capture plant do no significantly increase the specific power plant cost (from 0 to 2%) with CO2 capture, the additional expenditure are compensated with the plant efficiency gains. The cost of electricity is, also, almost not affected by the flowsheet optimization (from -2.5 to + 1.5 %). The best tested configuration allows a reduction of 10% of the cost of avoided CO2. The addition of a capture plant increases by approximately 1.4% pt the risk of forced outage factor and therefore decreases the whole power plant availability by the same value. The effects of the availability decreases due to the capture plant on CO2 and electricity prices are negligible. This work shows that these modifications alone are not sufficient to enable an economically feasible carbon capture on coal fired power plant despites a loss of efficiency of approximately 10% pt. The goal of less than 5% pt efficiency losses induced by post combustion carbon capture need a combination of new solvent and optimized process or a totally new breakthrough process. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Carbon dioxide capture
  • power plant integration
  • availability
  • economic
KeyWord(s) Plus

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ESI Discipline(s)
  • Engineering
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Geosciences
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Energy & Fuels
  • Environmental Sciences
Adress(es)

[Le Moullec, Y.; Kanniche, M.] EDF R&D, F-78400 Chatou, France

Reprint Adress

Le Moullec, Y (reprint author), EDF R&D, 6 Quai Watier, F-78400 Chatou, France.

Country(ies)
  • France
CNRS - Adress(es)

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Accession Number
WOS:000298299701060
uid:/K40ZWZFM
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