Among technological options to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, biomass energy with carbon capture and storage technology (BECCS) is gaining increasing attention. This alternative offers a unique opportunity for a net removal of atmospheric CO2 while fulfilling energy needs. Empirical studies using bottom-up energy models show that BECCS has an important role to play in the future energy mix. Most of these studies focus on global BECCS potential, whereas it is of interest to understand where this mitigation option will be deployed. This key issue will strongly depend on regions' biomass resources and possession of storage sites. The aim of this study is to assess the global and regional potential of BECCS up to 2050 in power generation. This analysis is conducted using the multiregional TIAM-FR optimization model. The climate policy scenarios investigated lead to a considerable expansion of renewable energy and CCS and BECCS technologies in the power sector. CCS from fossil fuel is mainly deployed in fast developing countries (India and China) and BECCS is highly distributed in developing countries, even though biomass resources are widely available in all regions. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Bioelectricity with carbon capture and storage
- Long-term energy modeling
- TIAM-FR model
[Ricci, Olivia] Univ Orleans, UMR CNRS 6221, LEO, F-45607 Orleans 2, France; [Selosse, Sandrine] MINES ParisTech, Ctr Appl Math, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis, France
Ricci, O (reprint author), Univ Orleans, UMR CNRS 6221, LEO, Rue Blois, F-45607 Orleans 2, France.
- Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans (LEO), UMR6221
- Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans (LEO), UMR7322