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Title

Dynamic of Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows in the northwestern Mediterranean: Could climate change be to blame?

Publication Year

2015

Author(s)
  • Pergent, Gerard
  • Pergent-Martini, Christine
  • Bein, Aymeric
  • Dedeken, Marine
  • Oberti, Pascal
  • Orsini, Antoine
  • Santucci, Jean-Francois
  • Short, Frederic
Source
COMPTES RENDUS BIOLOGIES Volume: 338 Issue: 7 Pages: 484-493 Published: 2015
ISSN
1631-0691 eISSN: 1768-3238
Abstract

The distribution and the vitality of the P. oceanica meadow were monitored in the western Mediterranean at 15 sites along the coasts of Corsica (1000 km of coastline) using two monitoring systems, the Posidonia Monitoring Network and SeagrassNet, between 2004 and 2013. While the vitality of the meadow is satisfactory overall, due to the low impact of human pressure along these coasts, patterns of change over time show a slight degradation of the main descriptors of the meadow. The meadow's vitality index had declined on average by 8.6%, the BiPo index by 9.8%, and there was a regression of the lower limit at six sites. While this pattern of change may reflect local alterations in the environment (increase or decline in human pressure), the regressive dynamic of the meadow observed at the lower limit at several reference sites (e.g., Marine Protected Areas, sites distant from sources of human impact) is more worrying. Two hypotheses might explain the regression observed: (i) the rise in mean sea level during the study period, which may have resulted in a significant regression in sectors where the slope is relatively slight, and (ii) the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), which declined from 2002 to reach very low values in 2010. (C) 2015 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Seagrass
  • Posidonia oceanica
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Monitoring
  • Vitality
  • Climate change
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • NORTH-ATLANTIC OSCILLATION
  • POPULATION-DYNAMICS
  • SEA
  • DECLINE
  • VARIABILITY
  • REGRESSION
  • POLLUTION
  • BEDS
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Biology & Biochemistry
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Biology
Adress(es)

[Pergent, Gerard; Pergent-Martini, Christine; Orsini, Antoine; Santucci, Jean-Francois] Univ Corsica, FRES 3041, F-20250 Corte, France; [Pergent, Gerard; Pergent-Martini, Christine; Bein, Aymeric; Dedeken, Marine] Univ Corsica, GIS Posidonie, F-20250 Corte, France; [Oberti, Pascal] Univ Corsica, UMR LISA, F-20250 Corte, France; [Short, Frederic] Washington State Dept Nat Resources, SeagrassNet, Olympia, WA 98504 USA

Reprint Adress

Pergent, G (reprint author), Univ Corsica, FRES 3041, BP 52, F-20250 Corte, France.

Country(ies)
  • France
  • United States
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Fédération de recherche Environnement et Société (FRES), FR3041
  • Lieux, Identités, eSpaces, Activités (LISA), UMR6240
Accession Number
WOS:000357762200007
uid:/DK2P71HN
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