LODEX : sémantisation & visualisation

Site exemple

Title

Western European climate, and Pinot noir grape harvest dates in Burgundy, France, since the 17th century

Publication Year

2011

Author(s)
  • Tourre, Yves M.
  • Rousseau, Daniel
  • Jarlan, Lionel
  • Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy
  • Daux, Valerie
Source
CLIMATE RESEARCH Volume: 46 Issue: 3 Pages: 243-253 Published: 2011
ISSN
0936-577X
Abstract

Time-series of growing season air temperature anomalies in the Parisian region and of Pinot noir grape harvest dates (GHD) in Burgundy (1676-2004) are analyzed in the frequency domain. Variability of both time-series display 3 significant frequency-bands (peaks significant at the 5% level): (1) a low-frequency-band (multi-decadal) with a 25 yr peak period, (2) a 3 to 8 yr band period (inter-annual) with a 3.1 yr peak period, and (3) a 2 to 3 yr band period (quasi-biennial) with a 2.4 yr peak period. Joint sea surface temperature/sea level pressure (SST/SLP) EOF analyses based on data from the 20th century along with spatio-temporal patterns for the above frequency-bands, are presented. SST anomalies were found to display early significant spatial SST patterns in the north Atlantic ocean (air temperature lagging by 6 mo) similar to those obtained from EOF analyses. It is proposed that the robust power spectra for the above frequency-bands are linked with Atlantic climate variability modulating western European climate: (1) the global Multi-Decadal Oscillation (MDO) with its Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) footprint, (2) the Atlantic Inter-Annual (IA) fluctuations, and (3) the Atlantic Quasi-Biennial (QB) fluctuations. Moreover these specific western European climate signals are perceived as contributors to the timing of GHD in Burgundy. Thus, advance knowledge on the evolution and phasing of the above climate fluctuations become important elements for viticulture and wine industry management, since anthropogenic effects could have modified time-series patterns, particularly since the mid-1980s.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Western European climate variability
  • Climate change
  • Grape harvest dates
  • Pinot noir
  • Burgundy
  • GHD
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • ATLANTIC MULTIDECADAL OSCILLATION
  • CENTRAL ENGLAND TEMPERATURES
  • SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURE
  • VARIABILITY
  • RECONSTRUCTION
  • CENTURIES
  • AD
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Environment/Ecology
  • Geosciences
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Adress(es)

[Tourre, Yves M.] Meteo France, F-31057 Toulouse, France; [Tourre, Yves M.] Columbia Univ, Lamont Doherty Geol Observ, Palisades, NY 10964 USA; [Rousseau, Daniel] Conseil Super Meteorol, F-31057 Toulouse, France; [Jarlan, Lionel] Ctr Etud Spatiales BIOsphere IRD CESBIO, Inst Rech Dev, F-31401 Toulouse, France; [Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy] Coll France, F-75005 Paris, France; [Daux, Valerie] LSCE, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France

Reprint Adress

Tourre, YM (reprint author), Meteo France, F-31057 Toulouse, France.

Country(ies)
  • France
  • United States
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Centre d'études spatiales de la biosphère (CESBIO), UMR5126
  • Laboratoire des sciences du climat et de l'environnement (LSCE), UMR8212
Accession Number
WOS:000290957700004
uid:/6XV0MBKN
Powered by Lodex 8.21.4