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Intertidal Zone Management in the Western Indian Ocean: Assessing Current Status and Future Possibilities Using Expert Opinions

Publication Year


  • Nordlund, Lina Mtwana
  • de la Torre-Castro, Maricela
  • Erlandsson, Johan
  • Conand, Chantal
  • Muthiga, Nyawira
  • Jiddawi, Narriman
  • Gullstrom, Martin
AMBIO Volume: 43 Issue: 8 Pages: 1006-1019 Published: 2014
0044-7447 eISSN: 1654-7209

This expert opinion study examined the current status of the intertidal zone in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) and ranked and discussed future management approaches. Information was gathered from scientists, practitioners, and managers active in the WIO region through a questionnaire and a workshop. The experts stated that the productive intertidal environment is highly valuable for reasons such as recreation, erosion protection, and provision of edible invertebrates and fish. Several anthropogenic pressures were identified, including pollution, harbor activities, overexploitation, and climate change. The experts considered the WIO intertidal zone as generally understudied, undermanaged, and with poor or no monitoring. The most important management strategies according to the expert opinions are to develop and involve local people in integrated coastal zone management (ICZM), to increase knowledge on species-environment relationships, and to develop awareness campaigns and education programs. To improve coastal environmental management and conservation, we argue that the intertidal zone should be treated as one organizational management unit within the larger framework of ICZM.

Author Keyword(s)
  • Expert opinions
  • Ecosystem function
  • Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM)
  • Closures
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Ecosystem-based management
KeyWord(s) Plus
  • LAND
  • SEA
ESI Discipline(s)
  • Engineering
  • Environment/Ecology
Web of Science Category(ies)
  • Engineering, Environmental
  • Environmental Sciences

[Nordlund, Lina Mtwana] Abo Akad Univ, Turku 20520, Finland; [Nordlund, Lina Mtwana; Gullstrom, Martin] Stockholm Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Plant Sci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden; [Nordlund, Lina Mtwana] WIO CARE, Zanzibar, Tanzania; [de la Torre-Castro, Maricela] Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog & Quaternary Geol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden; [de la Torre-Castro, Maricela] Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Resilience Ctr, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden; [Erlandsson, Johan] Lansstyrelsen Vastra Gotaland, Vattenmyndigheten Vasterhavets Distrikt, S-40340 Gothenburg, Sweden; [Conand, Chantal] La Reunion Univ, Ecomar Lab, F-97715 St Denis, France; [Conand, Chantal] MNHN, F-75005 Paris, France; [Muthiga, Nyawira] Wildlife Conservat Soc, Mombasa 80107, Kenya; [Jiddawi, Narriman] Univ Dar Es Salaam, Inst Marine Sci, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Reprint Adress

Nordlund, LM (reprint author), Abo Akad Univ, Turku 20520, Finland.

  • Finland
  • France
  • Kenya
  • Sweden
  • Tanzania
CNRS - Adress(es)
  • Ecologie marine (ECOMAR), FRE3560
Accession Number
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